The present publication is part of a project launched to enhance the mission of public service broadcasting (PSB) in eight countries of the Middle East and North Africa. It calls for greater accountability, better quality and more independence for public media outlets. The value and originality of the approach adopted in the project lies in the comprehensive and multi-leveled analysis of the performance and content of public broadcasters across eight countries.

Until the 1990s, broadcasting was mainly a matter of transferring
sound or video streams through the airwaves (or in some
developed countries, through cable as well) by means of
analogue signals. This was a linear process, with each element in
the content stream taking its turn to transmit behind the one that
went before it. This worked well enough, except for one thing: it
required a lot of bandwidth, i.e. a lot of capacity was taken up on
wireless electronic frequencies in order to carry signals in this

Poor quality journalism was also perceived as a problem when covering
migration issues in Senegal, Mali and Mauritania, following a study
in the three countries. Again, stereotyping of migrants and negative
portrayals hampered an objective approach. Analysis of coverage
found that the media covered complex issues in very little detail and
regularly reproduced Northern news agency material, which can be
condescending, negative and paternalistic.
Over 100 journalists, NGO representatives and migrants themselves

Radio has experienced huge growth over the last fifteen years in West
Africa. This trend can be attributed to political liberalization accompanied
by liberalization of the media environment, and technological advances,
which have facilitated the installation and operation of small units, even in
the most remote areas. It is difficult to put an exact figure on the number
of radio stations in West Africa today, but an estimate can be made at
over 700. However, this figure masks disparities between countries. For

Two years after we brought you the first two issues of Five Issues, we bring you the next two. In
these two years I have had two preoccupations that have pervaded my work and my passion, as a
teacher and as the person who brings out Five Issues. I would not call myself the editor because the
sensibility and the acumen that shapes these pages is not mine alone but guided those who I can
only be grateful to have as friends, well-wishers and mentors. Read More>>

When we first grappled with Hamletmachine the Gujarat riots just took place and now we are grappling
with the production in a fragmented landscape…post-cold war Hamlet, post-Nandigram Hamlet, postGundewar commission Hamlet, post-Naroda Patiya Hamlet...Muller's text talks about a reality of a
crumbling east Europen idealism. When I first read the play I completely identified with its sense of
rootlessness. Why is an Alyque Padamsee doing a Macbeth set is occult...that too a decorative occult?

HIV, like any other ailment, cannot be treated in isolation. Neither
is it just a question of taking medicines. It requires a lot of societal
support, including love and care from the family. At the same time,
we need to conduct ourselves as responsibly as possible so that
others treat us with care and attention.
HIV can be controlled. It is like blood sugar. Diabetics have
to observe certain kinds of rules in life in order to enjoy
life to the full despite their condition. It is the same with

Agriculture accounts for around a fifth of the national output in Pakistan, and the
crop farming sector within agriculture is responsible for less than a tenth of the gross
domestic product.
  Yet over two-fifths of the workforce is employed in agriculture, and
landlessness remains a key but not the predominant correlate of rural poverty.
  Access to
formal sector employment now has as strong an impact on rural incomes as access to land,

Media is, was and remains a catalyst. Hence, media organisations’ role is that of
enabling and empowering the catalyst to bring forth the multiple public spheres
into the open. How do we evaluate the work of these media organisations that
strive to bring these multiple public spheres to a common arena? In the past decade,
there have been any number of attempts to create an effective evaluation and
impact of communication initiatives. But, none of them recognised the intrinsic

As the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change COP 17 talks approach, Asha Naznin takes a quick look at what we can expect from this important debate.